With Bahrain’s illustrious pearling history and world standing as a premier location for natural pearls, it was only logical to establish the Pearl & Gem Testing Laboratory in 1990. This became part of a Directorate within the Ministry of Commerce and Agriculture (now the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism) via Amiri Degree No. 10, which passed a law prohibiting anyone from altering a testing certificate issued by the Laboratory, issuing a testing certificate falsely attributed to the Laboratory, effecting a change or replacing any pearl after testing and then selling it with the original certificate issued by the Laboratory. As the first such laboratory in the Middle East, it established a positive reputation both in the region and beyond. The next step in its evolution was the establishment of the Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstones (DANAT). DANAT goes beyond its role as a certifying authority. It is dedicated to developing the local and regional pearl and gemstone industry. And to foster this tradition, It offers training programmes to a new generation of gemmologists both in Bahrain and in the region.