Pearl Symposium


Official list of headline speakers at Pearl Symposium 2019:

Abeer Al-Alawi – Executive Director, Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstones (DANAT)

Subject: Seed Pearl Challenges

Abeer Al-Alawi is a specialised gemmologist with over 25 years’ experience in the pearl and gemstone testing industry, having held various positions in Bahrain. Al Alawi’s career began in 1992 as a hallmarking specialist at Assay followed by a move to the Gem and Pearl Testing Laboratory of Bahrain. In 2003, she was promoted to Head of the Gem and Pearl Testing Laboratory, a position she held for 10 years. In 2014, she became the Director of Precious Metal & Gemstones and held the position for 3 years before moving to DANAT.

Al-Alawi holds a BA (Hons) degree in Jewellery Design & Silversmithing from Buckinghamshire University in UK, diploma in Diamond Grading from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and a diploma in Gemmology: Fellow Gemmological Association (FGA), Gem-A Institute, The Gemmological Association of Great Britain, London, United Kingdom. She is also a Certified Diamond Grader (CDG) HRD Antwerp in Belgium.

Adi Al Fardan – Trader in Natural Pearls, United Arab Emirates

Subject: Trade and Natural Pearls

Adi Al Fardan, a business graduate from the American University of Sharjah, began his career working for Al Fardan Group, specializing in jewelry while pursuing a career at international banks. Coming from a family which specializes in natural pearls, Adi’s father, Hassan Al Fardan, devoted his entire life to collecting and maintaining natural pearls. Since his boyhood, Adi Al Fardan, like his father, has been captivated by the beauty of nature pearls and has been inspired by his father’s wisdom of pearls—their history, their unique physical compositions, how to design and craft them into museum-worthy pieces, their symbolism and mysteries. Adi has inherited his father’s wisdom about and artistry of pearl jewelry crafting. The Al Fardan’s are one of the few remaining pearl experts not only in the UAE but also the world. Their advice is sought from around the globe.

Ali Safar – Owner, Ali Safar for Jewelry and Pearls

Subject: Trade in Bahraini Pearls.

He started his career in the jewelry industry in the private sector since the seventies and then entered the work in this field in the public sector. Ali is one of the oldest and most passionate Bahraini gemologists with over 30 years solid experience in the field of gems, gold and Bahraini pearls, enhanced by many courses from specialized international laboratories and universities. Through his vast experience in the gems world, has established, managed and developed the Gem and Pearl Laboratory under Ministry of Industry and Commerce for more than 25 years as the Director of Precious Matals and Gemstones and managed to equip it with the last technology to become one of the best laboratories in the region. Currently the owner and founder of family business “ Ali Safar for Jewelry and Pearls “ mainly aiming to preserve and revive the traditional pearl and Bahraini gold crafts by re introducing the Jewelries in a traditional, semi traditional and modern pieces. He is also one of the researches and contributing writers of “Treasures of Bahrain Book” published 1998

Gina Latendresse– President, American Pearl Company Inc. of Nashville Tennessee

Subject: The Story of Natural Pearls from the Americas

From the time Gina Latendresse was a young child, she was immersed in the world of pearls because she is the daughter of the late John R. Latendresse, who was considered to be one of the world’s foremost experts on pearls – natural and cultured – as well as the “Father of American Pearls.” Her earliest memories include traveling to trade shows and grading pearls. Her pearl journey covers almost half a century (forty-four years) during which time she gained an unrivalled background  of  the pearl industry, both for cultured and natural , and she was inspired to join her family business as the focus of her professional life. She graduated from Rhodes College in Memphis, Tennessee with a “Bachelor of Arts” (BA) degree. She continued her education at the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). In 1991, she was appointed President of American Pearl Company. Carrying on her father’s legacy including a love of natural pearls, along with an amazing collection acquired over his lifetime, Gina also specializes in rare natural pearls, specifically from the Americas, the Tennessee & Mississippi river and its tributaries, and highly sought-after pearls such the rare purple quahog pearls, abalone pearls, and conch pearls.

Dr. Hashim Al Sayed– Associate Professor of Biological Oceanography, University of Bahrain

Subject: Pearl Oysters in Bahrain

In 1988 he obtained a Ph.D. (Biological Oceanography) and MSc. (1981) Southampton University, U.K. B.Sc (Oceanography) Alexandria University, Egypt 1978. He was appointed as Dean of two colleges, College of Science (2011-2017) and College of Health Sciences (2016-2017). In 1996-2000, he became the Chairman at Department  of Biology. He gained important managerial and communication skills and played a central role in promoting teaching and research in the College of Science and Biology Dept. He was promoted from Assistant to Associate Professor of Biological Oceanography in 1997. In 1988-1989, he joined Bahrain Centre for Studies and Research attached to the Pearl Oyster Project. Earlier (1982-1983) he worked  at Directorate of Fisheries doing ecological research. He was awarded the Crown Prince Award for Scientific Research for a group of published papers in refereed periodical on Biology of Pearl Oyster in Bahrain in December 1994. Dr. Hashim research interests is in biology of pearl oyster, intertidal ccology and marine pollution. He published 23 papers in refereed journals in the fields of spawning, growth rate, morphometry and spat collection, in addition to, organic & inorganic pollutants in pearl oyster. He worked as an expert in reproductive biology of pearl and rock oysters (Mussel Watch Program) for  ROPME.

Justin Hunter – Owner and Operator, Fiji Pearls

Subject: Pearling and the Environment – The Blue Pledge

Founder and CEO of  J. Hunter Pearls Fiji (est.1999, Savusavu Bay, Fiji). Justin’s innovative leadership over the last two decades has placed the Fiji Pearl brand on the international stage alongside leading luxury jewellery brands.  J. Hunter is renown for their prized yet limited bounty of unique natural hues that are sold exclusively to a small select group of international buyers. Committed to partnering with the traditional communities where his farms are located, Justin’s pioneering vision for the industry, based on community owned and operated pearl farms, is encapsulated in The Fiji Pearl Development Plan he devised after experiencing the devastating effects of Cat. 5, tropical cyclone Winston that hit Fiji in 2016. Endorsed by CIBJO, the FPDP was presented at UN Headquarters in New York on World Oceans Day, June 2017 by the Fiji Government as one of its commitments to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 14, Life Below Water. Following on the heels of this achievement Justin instigated The Blue Pledge, a private sector driven initiative designed to raise more awareness around the world’s only true sustainable gem. Partnering with top pearl producers and brands Paspaley and Jewelmer, the 7-point pledge seeks to support the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, reinforcing their role in developing a blue economy.

Kenneth Scarratt– Managing Partner, ICA|GemLab Bangkok

Subject:The origins and modern trade usage of the term Keshi (“ケシ” – poppy seed) when used in connection with pearls or cultured pearls


He is currently the Managing Partner for ICA|GemLab located in Bangkok, Thailand. He was formally CEO of the Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstones (DANAT), Managing Director for SE Asia for the Gemological Institute of America, Laboratory Director for the AGTA (American Gem Trade Association) Gemological Testing Center in New York City, Director of AIGS (Asian Institute of Gemological Sciences) in Bangkok, and Chief Executive and Laboratory Director GAGTL (Gemmological Association & Gem Testing Laboratory of Great Britain) in London. Has published papers extensively in such journals as The Journal of Gemmology (UK), Gems and Gemology (USA) and many others. Has co-authored the books, The Crown Jewels, and, The Pearl & the Dragon. He has delivered lectures to gemologists and traders in many countries including: Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Dubai, England, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and the USA (several States). In addition to his work with diamond, ruby and sapphire, he has studied and visited pearl producing areas in several countries including: Australia, Bahrain, China, Indonesia, Japan, Scotland, Thailand, UAE, and Vietnam and is a leading authority on natural pearls, both salt and freshwater.

HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Daina– Chief Executive, Supreme Council for Environment, Kingdom of Bahrain

Subject:Bahrain and its Aquatic Environment

Dr. Mohamed Mubarak Bin Daina is currently serving as the Chief Executive of the Supreme Council for Environment (SCE). Prior to his appointment, he was the Deputy Chief Executive of the SCE. At this post, he is mandated to cover a number of national environmental issues including air quality, climate change, environmental impact assessment, pollution control, waste management land resources, and marine and coastal conservation. Dr. Bin Daina has led delegations relevant to the Montreal Protocol, The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and various regional and international environmental conferences and

summits. A double-honoree by His Majesty King Hamad Bin Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, Dr. Bin Daina received his PhD in Chemical Engineering from Imperial College London and earned his Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice from York St. John University. He has also been awarded a Fulbright Scholarship by Texas A&M. His extensive academic backgroundincludes a Bachelor’s of Science in Petroleum Engineering from the United Arab EmiratesUniversity, and a Master’s of Science in Chemical Engineering from the University of Wales,Swansea. With a background in petroleum engineering from Bahrain National Oil Company, Dr. Bin Daina started his professional career as a Graduate Assistant in the faculty of Chemical Engineering at the University of Bahrain, eventually becoming an Assistant Professor and later Director of Accreditation of Quality Assurance. Dr. Bin Daina has recently been appointed board member of the Education & Training Quality Authority. He is also a member of the following national committees: Supreme Council for Civil Defense, National Renewable Energy Committee, National Committee for Data and Information, Bahrain Building Code Committee, Emergency and Hazardous Committee. He is also a member at the executive-committee of UNEP for special project.

Mr. Mohamed Al Mahmood – Owner, Al Mahmood Pearls

Subject: Trade and Natural Pearls

Mr. Mohamed Al Mahmood, a young businessman and visionary who is the main pillar behind the pearl empire of Al Mahmood Pearls which was established by his father Mr. Abdulrazaq Al Mahmood. Following the footsteps of his father, Mohamed started working with these precious gems at the age of seven. Mohamed is the 7th generation of his family entering the pearl business and started running the company with the colossal knowledge that he had in his field. Being a graduate from GIA (Gemological Institute of America) and gaining the years of pearl experience from his father and the trade, he developed great knowledge about the vastness of pearl and other gemstones and is in a continuous process of refining and revamping his skills and ideas.
His main vision is to maintain the position of the kingdom of Bahrain as the center of the natural pearls internationally the provide the best practices to his clients. With this, he never compromises with the quantity of his products. He has an endless strive for the best, introducing the public with the vast world of pearls, and assisting them visualize that pearls are not just a piece of jewelry but also a form of art.
He strives for excellence and work towards developing the pearl trade in an international level through his participation in different committees and world gatherings. He regards this motto and the reason for his success.

Dr. Mohamed Al Rumaidh – Researcher & Academic in Marine Biology & Ocean Science

Subject: Investigations on the Pearl Oyster Resources of Bahraini Waters

Dr. Mohamed AlRumaidh, received a MSc Degree in Shellfish Biology, Fisheries & Culture, in 1996, and PhD Degree in Marine Biology, in 2002, both from the University of Wales, Bangor, UK.  He joined the Directorate of Fisheries in 1983 as a marine biologist, and was involved in marine environmental studies, such as oil pollution, dredging and coastal reclamation operations, as well as mangrove studies.  In 1986, he was appointed Project Manager to run the Pearl Oyster Resources Survey in Bahraini waters, which was conducted by the ex-Bahrain Centre (BCSR) for Studies and Research from 1986 to 1990.  He then continued with BCSR as a Fishery Researcher where he was involved in conducting research works on living marine resources, and published several papers on shellfish marine species, i.e. pearl oysters; shrimps; and crabs, as well as, an annotated bibliography on Fisheries Publications of Bahrain, from 1960s through to the first half of 2005.  From 2011 to 2016, he was an Assistant Professor of Marine Biology and Oceanography, in the Dept. of Biology, University of Bahrain.

Nicholas Sturman– Identification Manager, GIA Bangkok

Subject: Pearl Laboratory Notes

Nicholas Sturman has over 25 years of detailed experience in the examination of pearls. He obtained his FGA and DGA qualifications in the UK prior to joining the world renowned Gem Testing Laboratory of Great Britain and continued with 16 years studying pearls in the Kingdom of Bahrain where he served as the gemological advisor to the Bahrain Government’s Gem and Pearl Testing Laboratory. Nick specializes in the identification of pearls using the advanced instrumentation available in GIA’s Bangkok laboratory where he has worked for the last 11 years. He also oversees GIA’s pearl departments in New York, Carlsbad, and Hong Kong. As well as writing contributions to various gemological publications he has also given presentations in Thailand, USA, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan, The United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and various countries within the Middle East. Nick periodically assists with teaching and educational seminars when required, and has co-authored two books “Kunooz Al-Bahrain” and “Splendour and Science of Pearls”. Nick was the joint winner of the 2010 Dr. Edward J. Gubelin Most Valuable Article Award, as voted by Gems & Gemology readers, and is currently a member of Gems and Gemology’s editorial review board.

Noura Al Sayeh– Head of Architectural Affairs, Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities

Subject: The History of the Pearling Trail


Noura Al Sayeh-Holtrop is an architect and curator working at the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities (BACA) as Head of Architectural Affairs, where she is responsible for overseeing the planning and implementation of cultural institutions, museums and exhibitions. She holds a Master’s Degree in Architecture from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Noura was the co-curator of ‘Reclaim’, Bahrain’s first participation at the Venice Architecture Biennale in 2010 that was awarded a Golden Lion, and the Deputy Commissioner General of Bahrain’s Pavilion at the Expo Milan 2015, awarded a Silver Medal for Best Architecture and Landscape. Since 2015, she heads the ‘Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy’, which received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for the 2019 cycle as part of the Muharraq Revitalization project.



In the heart of Muharraq, Bahrain’s former capital, the UNESCO World heritage site “Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy” relates the unique legacy of Bahrain’s pearling era, through the architecture and the urban heritage of the old city of Muharraq as well as three pearl producing oyster beds in the northern territorial waters of Bahrain. Taken together, the fifteen individual sites reflect the final expression and last remaining – and thus outstanding – example of a cultural tradition that dominated the Arabian Gulf from prehistory to the early 20th century. The project also includes 17 public squares and 4 multistory parking structures that respond to the contemporary needs of the city.

Rui Galopim de Carvalho– Founder, Portugal Gemas Academy

Subject: A review of Antique and Museum Pearls

Rui Galopim de Carvalho FGA DGA, is a passionate gemmologist with an active social media presence focusing on the spread of accurate knowledge and appreciation of gemstones. He is currently Vice-President of the Coral Commission and Vice-President of Sector A for CIBJO (The World Jewellery Confederation). An accomplished author, Rui has published research on the history and use of gem materials with a focus on Portuguese Jewellery studies across the National Museums and treasures of the Church. He is a speaker at a number of international gemological events and an experienced education consultant. Rui is a member of the Communications Committee of ICA (International Coloured Gemstone Association), associate editor of Gem-A’s peer reviewed Journal, The Journal of Gemmology, and Advisory Counsel of the Portuguese Jewellery Association, which includes the selection committee for licensed Jewellery Appraisers in Portugal.

Dr. Stefanos Karampelas– Director of Research, Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstones (DANAT)

Subject: Pearl Species Determination: Possibilities and Limitations

Dr. Stefanos Karampelas is the Research Director for the Bahrain Institute for Pearls and Gemstones (DANAT). He holds an Advanced Gemmology Diploma from the University of Nantes (France), a PhD in Materials Physics from the same university, a MSc in Geosciences from the University of Rennes (France) and a BSc in Geology from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He has experience as a Research Scientist for a period of 7 years at Gübelin Gem Lab with a further year at Gem Research Swisslab, both in Switzerland. He is also a lecturer (since 2012) for the Advanced Gemmology Diploma at the University of Nantes, France, on pearls, laboratory methods applied to gems as well as origin determination of coloured gems. He has published over 40 research papers on different gems in various scientific journals, contributed to books delivered various lectures and visited several gem mines and pearl farms around the globe. He is a delegate for the International Gemmological Conference (since 2011), member of the Commission of Gem Materials of International Mineralogical Association (since 2007) as well as member of the Editorial Board of Gems and Gemology and an Associate Editor of The Journal of Gemmology.”

Terms & Conditions

1.Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstone

The Bahrain Institute for Pearls & Gemstones whose registered office is at Floors 3 and 4, East Tower, Bahrain World Trade Centre, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (“DANAT”) provides educational training courses, verification services and scientific research in relation to pearls, gemstones and jewellery. DANAT was established in 2017 under the aegis of HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain.

2. Educational Courses

DANAT provides a variety of gemmological educational training courses covering a range of subjects relating to pearls, gemstones, diamonds and jewellery. DANAT’s educational courses offer a balance of theoretical knowledge and practical application using gemmological equipment and are intended to meet the educational needs of all students from beginners to professionals.
Training courses are either conducted by DANAT or provided by third party training providers arranged by DANAT.
DANAT’s training courses are subject to change and availability and are provided on an assumption that there will be sufficient students for each training course. Where student numbers are insufficient the training course will be cancelled or re-scheduled.
For the latest DANAT training courses please access DANAT’s website as follows

3. These Terms & Conditions

These Terms and Conditions apply to all DANAT’s training courses. Student applicants are required to read these Terms & Conditions before submitting and signing a “Student Application”. The submission and signing of a “Student Application” will amount to a student’s unconditional and unqualified agreement to these Terms & Conditions. Further terms and conditions may apply for training courses provided by third party training providers arranged by DANAT. Students will be informed of such further terms and conditions (if any) at the time they prepare their “Student Application”.

4. Application

Students are invited to complete and submit a “Student Application” should they wish to participate in a DANAT training course. The “Student Application” can be submitted online via DANAT’s website DANAT’s acceptance of any “Student Application” is subject to payment of the applicable fee, availability and the student meeting any applicable eligibility criteria. Students will be advised by email within three business days of submission of a “Student Application” as to whether they have been accepted.
Where a training course has eligibility criteria, for example, a proficiency in English, a minimum age or a level of qualification, the student will be required to confirm in the “Student Application” that the relevant eligibility criteria has been met and provide the appropriate evidence. Eligibility criteria, if applicable, will be detailed in the description of the training course and/or the terms and conditions of the third-party training provider as applicable.

5. Fees

The applicable fee for any given training course is due and payable at the time the “Student Application” is accepted by DANAT. Fee payment methods are detailed on the course invoice. In the event that the applicable fee is not paid before the start of a given training course then DANAT reserves the right to cancel the application.
The applicable fee does not include banking charges, visa, travel or accommodation costs, each of which, if applicable, will be payable by the student unless explicitly stated otherwise in the relevant training course programme description.
The student will be advised when the applicable fee is received by DANAT whereupon the student’s place on the relevant training course will be confirmed.
Details of training course fees are set out on DANAT’s “Student Application”. Such fees are subject to change from time to time.

6. Cancellation & Withdrawal

A student may cancel their participation in a training course provided that the student notifies DANAT in writing of their cancellation. Where the notice of cancellation is received by DANAT no less than 7 calendar days before the start of the training course the student will be refunded 100% of the fees they have paid or at the student’s option rescheduled to participate in the next available course. Where the notice of cancellation is received within 7 calendar days of the start of the training course the student will be refunded 50% of the fees they have paid or at the student’s option rescheduled to participate in the next available course. For cancellations once the training course has started there will be no refund. Where a student withdraws from a training course, for whatever reason, no refund will be payable although, DANAT may, in its entire discretion, in consideration of the reasons of the withdrawal, reschedule the student to participate in the next available course.
Where further terms and conditions apply (in addition to these Terms & Conditions) in respect of third-party training providers then the position as to the cancellation, withdrawal and refund policy for such training courses will be set out in such further terms and conditions.

7. Intellectual Property Rights

Where DANAT provides study materials in relation to any training course, DANAT reserves any rights in relation to the intellectual property rights of such materials and whilst a student may use such materials for the purposes of the training course the student shall not copy, modify or enhance such materials or do anything that might infringe the intellectual property rights in such materials.

8. Liability

The total liability of DANAT towards any student shall not exceed the sum of any fees received from such student. DANAT shall not be liable for consequential, indirect or special losses. DANAT’s liability shall not be limited in any way in respect of death or personal injury caused by negligence; fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; or any other losses which cannot be excluded or limited by applicable law.

9. Data Protection

DANAT shall process a student’s data in compliance with the obligations placed on it under relevant data protection laws. To see DANAT’s privacy policy please visit
Data collected from a student such as name, address, email, further contact details, employment, visa/residency status and educational background will be used by DANAT to provide the student with educational services as described herein. DANAT will retain such data for as long as it is required for the purposes for which it was collected. A student may request access, restrict access, update, correct and/or request removal of their personal data from DANAT’s databases. DANAT relies upon the student’s consent to use the student’s personal data from the purpose of providing educational services to the student. The student may withdraw such consent at any time however without such consent DANAT may not be able to provide the educational services to the student. DANAT will not provide a student’s contact information to non-affiliated third parties and will only send a student DANAT marketing material if the student expressly consents to this in the Student Application. DANAT will provide the student’s data to third party training providers where the student has applied to participate in a training course which will be delivered by a third-party training provider. DANAT will ensure that in providing such data to the third-party training provider that the third part training provider undertakes to use such data only for the purpose of providing educational services and will comply with all applicable data protection laws.
DANAT will only include the student in marketing material if the student expressly consents to this in the Student Application.
DANAT will rely on the student’s most recent instructions and students can amend their marketing and participation in marketing content preferences at any time by emailing

10. Behaviour

DANAT provides a safe and positive learning environment for all students. Accordingly, students are required to act professionally and appropriately during any training course and must show respect to others and abide by all health and safety requirements from time to time in place. Prohibited behaviour includes but is not limited to: threatening and harassing behaviour; acts or threats of violence; dishonesty; disruptive, insubordinate or unlawful behaviour; property damage or theft; any misbehaviour that is not in keeping with a professional environment or contrary to usual custom and practice.
Students are expected to dress appropriately for the training courses taking into consideration safety and professional considerations.
For onsite training courses, students will be obliged to follow the relevant rules applicable to the site. These will include, but are not limited to, applicable rules relating to health & safety, surveillance and the use of recording devices.
For online training courses, login details should not be shared, and lessons are not to be recorded or streamed.
Failure to behave could result in the student being dismissed from a training course (with no refund) and refusal to apply and participate in future training courses.

11. Assessments and Attendance

Where a training course requires the student to submit coursework or undergo an assessment or examination the student is required to undertake these on his/her own in accordance with any applicable timeframe. It is solely the responsibility of the student that he/she understands the training course and any assessment or examination requirements and to complete these by the applicable timeframe. Where a course requires a certain minimum level of attendance to complete the course this will be notified to the student. Where the student fails to attain the required level of attendance then the student may be withdrawn from the training course (with no refund) and not be provided with a certificate of completion for the training course. If the failed attendance was for a good reason, as determined by DANAT, DANAT, may in its absolute discretion, allow the student to attend a future course subject to the availability of that future course.
Where a training course and/or assessment takes place outside Bahrain (whether completely or partially) the student should refer to the training course details and/or the terms and conditions of the third-party training provider as applicable for further details.

12. Notices

Notices and other communications other than complaints shall be sent to DANAT at:
Floors 3 and 4, East Tower, Bahrain World Trade Centre, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
Telephone: +973 172 01 349 Email:

13. Waiver

No failure, delay or omission by DANAT in exercising any right, power or remedy provided by law or under these Terms & Conditions shall operate as a waiver of that right, power or remedy, nor shall it preclude or restrict any future exercise of that or any other right, power or remedy.

14. Severance

If any provision of these Terms & Conditions (or part of any provision) is or becomes illegal, invalid or unenforceable, the legality, validity and enforceability of any other provision of these Terms & Conditions shall not be affected. No single or partial exercise of any right, power or remedy provided by law or under these Terms & Conditions shall prevent any future exercise of it or the exercise of any other right, power or remedy. A waiver of any term, provision, condition or breach of these Terms & Conditions shall only be effective if given in writing and signed by the waiving party, and then only in the instance and for the purpose for which it is given.

15. Complaints

Should a student have any complaints with regard to any training course they must notify DANAT of their complaint so that this can be considered and addressed appropriately. Complaints can be sent to our dedicated email:

16. Disability Support

DANAT welcomes applications from students with learning and health disabilities and will provide the relevant support for such students. If you have any learning or health disabilities that may require additional support for your studies with DANAT or require special consideration for any exam or coursework please provide this information in the “Student Application” or contact

17. Force Majeure

Force Majeure means an event or sequence of events beyond a party’s reasonable control preventing or delaying it from performing its contractual obligations. DANAT shall not be liable if delayed in or makes changes to or is prevented from performing its obligations under these Terms & Conditions due to Force Majeure. There will be no refunds to students where a training course is cancelled due to Force Majeure within 7 calendar days before the scheduled start of the training course although DANAT will endeavour to reschedule an affected student to participate in the next available course (subject to availability).

18. Lost or Damaged

Equipment and Precious Items
Students are responsible for any equipment or precious items available for use during any relevant training course. Students are responsible to pay the replacement cost for any lost or damaged precious item. Students are also responsible for meeting the repair or replacement cost of any damaged equipment beyond normal wear and tear. If a lost item is subsequently found, the replacement cost paid by a student will be refunded.

19.International Students

International students, being students of a nationality different to where a training course is located, will be responsible for arranging their visa, travel and accommodation in order to attend the relevant training course.

20. Governing Law

These Terms & Conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of, or in connection with, them, its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the Kingdom of Bahrain.

21. Jurisdiction

The courts of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of, or in connection with, these Terms & Conditions, its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).